Tissue Review

Please use this review sheet as a guide to help you study for the test.  The test will be on Thursday October 20th.  Keep in mind this is just a guide.  You should still look over your homework, notes, labs, the chapter review questions, and your book. 

As you study for the test continually ask yourself: HOW IS THE STRUCTURE RELATED TO THE FUNCTION???

1.     What are the four basic tissue types? Draw a chicken wing below and label each tissue type on the chicken wing, and then below describe in your own words what purpose it serves for the wing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.    Why do we say epithelium has polarity?

 

 

3.    Draw a picture of a nerve cell and label each part.  Then put into your own words what each part does.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.    Draw a picture of what each of the following epithelial tissues would look like and describe how the structure relates to the function for each one.

  1. Stratified Squamous Epithelium

 

 

 

 

  1. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

 

 

 

 

  1. Ciliate columnar epithelium

 

 

 

 

  1. Stratified Columnar Epithelium

 

 

 

 

5.    What are all types of connective tissue made up of?

 

 

 

6.    Explain how the things above are different for each of the three kinds of connective tissue.

  1. Loose connective tissue

 

  1. Dense Connective tissue

 

  1. Fluid Connective tissue

 

  1. Supporting Connective tissue

 

7.    Compare dense and loose connective tissue.  How do you think the structural arrangement of the extra-cellular protein fibers differ in each?  Look at the pictures in the book to help you see the arrangement in both.  Keep in mind the function of each.

 

 

 

 

 

8.    We use two terms to describe muscle tissue: Striated/ non-striated, and voluntary/ involuntary.  What does each term refer to?

  1. Striated-

 

  1. Non-striated-

 

  1. Voluntary-

 

  1. Involuntary-

 

9.    Label each muscle type as striated/non-striated, and voluntary/ involuntary.

  1. Skeleton-

 

  1. Cardiac-

 

  1. Smooth-

 

10.         What makes the striations in muscle tissue?

 

 

 

11.         Cardiac muscle tissue has two special features: Pacemaker cells and intercalated disks.  Explain what each one does.

 

 

 

 

12.         What are the two types of cells in Neural tissue? Explain what each one does.

 

 

 

 

13 .Why is the structure of adipocytes ideal for their function?

 

 

 

 

14. What is the most abundant cell present in connective tissue proper, and what is its function?

 

 

 

15. Melanocytes are found in both the epithelial tissue of the skin as well as in the connective tissue of the eye. What do they do?

 

 

16. Epithelial tissue and connective tissue come together to form __________________________.     Below are the four membranes in the body.  Complete the chart.

 

Membrane

Where Found?

Serous Membrane

 

 

Lining joints of the body

Mucous Membrane

 

 

Covers the surface of the body

Know your vocab!